Wednesday, 13 September 2017

50TH YEAR OF 1968 SEPTEMBER
19TH STRIKE
""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""

M. KRISHNAN
Secretary General, Confederation of
Central Govt. Employees & Workers.
"""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""
                   2018 September 19th (Next year) is the 50th Anniversary of 1968 September 19th one day strike.  All leaders and workers who led and participated in that historic strike have either retired from service or are no more.

                   The indefinite strike of Central Govt. Employees in1960 was the first major strike of Central Govt. Employees after independence.  The five days strike from 1960 July 11 midnight was brutally suppressed by the Central Government declaring it as “Civil Rebellion”.  The main demand of the strike was improvement and modifications in the 2nd CPC recommendations.  The Need Based Minimum Wage, though adopted by the 15th Indian Labour Conference in 1957, was rejected by the 2nd CPC.

                   The Joint Consultative Machinery (JCM) was constituted in 1966 by then Home Minister Gulsarilal Nanda, as per the decision of the Government.  The apprehension of the progressive leadership that this negotiating machinery may not settle any major demands of the Central Govt. employees and may become just a talking shop or a time killing business, ultimately resulting in abnormally delaying the genuine demands, came true within a year of its formation.  In the very first meeting of the National Council JCM, the following three demands were notified by the staff side.

1.      Grant of Need Based Minimum Wage as approved by the 1957 Tripartite Labour Conference.
2.      Merger of DA with Pay
3.      Revision of DA formula

                   After prolonged discussion for about one and a half year, disagreement was recorded.  As per JCM Scheme once disagreement is recorded, the item should be referred to compulsory arbitration.  But Govt. rejected the demand for arbitration.  Protesting against this arbitrary stand of the Govt. the staff side leadership walked out of the JCM and decided to go for one day’s strike.  A Joint Action Committee was formed and the date of the strike was decided as 19th September 1968.  Eventhough, the INTUC affiliated organisations were initially a part of the strike decision, later on they decided not to join the strike due to the intervention of the then Congress Government headed by Smt. Indira Gandhi.

The following were the main demands of the strike charter of demands.
1.      Need Based Minimum Wage.
2.      Full neutralisation of rise in prices.
3.      Merger of DA with Basic Pay
4.      Withdrawl of proposal to retire employees with 50 years of age or on completion of 25 years of service.
5.      Vacate victimisation and reinstate victimised workers.
6.      No retrenchment without equivalent alternative jobs.
7.      Abolition of Contract and Casual Labour System.

                   Strike notice was served and the Joint Action Council (JAC) decided to commence the strike at 0600 AM on 19th Septembe r 1968.  Intensive campaign was conducted throughout the country.  AIRF, AIDEF and Confederation was the major organisations in the JAC.  Govt. invoked Essential Services Maintenance Ordinance (ESMO) to deal with the strike.  Govt. also issued detailed instructions to impose heavy penalty including suspension, dismissal, termination, Break-in-service etc. on the striking employees.  Para-military force (CRPF) and Police were deployed to deal with the strike.  Central Govt. gave orders to all state Governments to suppress the strike at any cost.  It was a war-like situation.  Arrest of Leaders started on 18th September itself.  About 3000 employees and leaders were arrested from Delhi alone.  All over India about 12000 Central Government employees and leaders were arrested and jailed.

                   Inspite of all these brutal repressive measures the strike commenced on 18th after noon itself at many places and was a thundering success all over India and in all departments including Railway, Defence, P&T etc.  About 64000 employees were served with termination notices, thousands removed from service and about 40000 employees suspended.  Seventeen (17) striking employees had been brutally killed at Pathankot, Bikaner, Delhi Indraprastha Bhavan  and at Upper Assam in lathi charge, firing by police and military and by running the train over the bodies of employees who picketed the trains.

                   Though the strike was only for one day on 19th September 1968, the victimisation and repression continued for days together.  Struggle against victimisation also continued including work-to-rule agitation, hunger fast of leaders from 10th October 1968.  There was unprecedented support to the strike and relief work and also to agitation for reinstatement of the victimised workers, from National Trade Unions, state employees and teachers Unions/Federations etc.  A mass rally was organised before the  residence of Prime Minister of India Smt. Indira Gandhi on 17th October, 1968.

                   Kerala was ruled by the Communist Govt. during the strike.  Chief Minister Com. E. M. S. Namboodiripad declared Kerala Govt’s full support to the strike of Central Government employees.  The Central Govt. threatened dismissal of the Kerala Govt. for defying the Centre’s directive to suppress the strike.

                   1968 September 19th strike is written in red letters in the history of Indian Working Class.  The demand raised by the Central Govt. employees - Need Based Minimum Wage - was the demand of entire working people of India.  Even today, the Central Govt. employees and other section of the working class are on struggle path for realisation of the Need Based Minimum Wage.  The demand of the Central Govt. employees to modify the recommendations of the 7th Central Pay Commission to ensure Need Based Minimum Wage is not yet conceded by the BJP-led NDA Government.  Even the assurance given by three Cabinet Ministers including Home Minister, Finance Minister and Railway Minister regarding increase in Minimum Pay and Fitment formula is not honoured by the Govt. even after a lapse of one year and  entire Central Government employees feel cheated.

                   It is in this background, we are entering into the 50th year of 1968 September 19th strike. Let us pledge that we shall continue our struggle for realisation of the demands raised by the matryrs of the 1968 strike.  Let us pay respectful homage to those valiant fighters who sacrified their life for the working class of India.  Let us salute and honour all those who participated in the historic strike, especially those who had been victimised severaly for joining the strike.  Let us organise various programmes throughout the country at all levels, to commemorate the inspiring memory of 1968 September 19th strike.
Wednesday, September 13, 2017

National Call from Trade Unions :

Intensify the Surging Struggles

-A.K. Padmanabhan

Working people in India have sounded the bugle again for countrywide struggles including strike actions against the anti-people policies of the Modi Government. After this Govt took over in 2014, there have been two country wide strikes in 2015 and 2016. In additon to these, there have been strikes and struggles in various parts of the country involving almost all sectors. These strikes included many countrywide sectoral strikes.

Modi Government and the Prime Minister himself started his rhetorical campaign with “Shrameva Jayate”, trying to camouflage the Govt’s pro-corporate policies. This sloganeering has got exposed without much delay, with the Government unleashing a war against working people by amending Labour Laws and also other steps in the name of ease of doing business. The last 40 months have seen severe attacks on almost all the hardwon rights of the working people.

National Convention

It is in such a background, the Central Trade Unions and independent national federations, once again decided to call a national convention on 8th August. Of course, there was one exception in the list of Central TUs. That was of BMS, which has been staying away from  the joint actions after BJP came to power.

The huge mobilisation of delegates from all the states, literally from Kashmir to Kanyakumari, covering all the sectors reflected the anger amongst the working people against the policies of the Government.

Actually many of them had converged in the huge talkatora stadium, in the  midst of struggles they have been conducting.

The public sector workers fighting against privatisation, Central Government employees continuing their struggles on their demands of implementing Government’s assurances related to pay commission, State Government employees on sturggle for wage revison and also against National Pension Scheme, Defence Production workers struggling against privatisation, Bank Officers and employees preparing for another strike against destructive reforms, Telecom employees on struggles against privatisation and also against denial of wage revision, Insurance employees fighting against disinvestment, Medical and Sales representatives struggling for people oriented drug policy, Scheme workers on continuous struggle for getting the status of workers and related benefits, private sector workers in struggle in various parts of the country struggling against denial of Trade Union rights, Various sections of informal workers raising demands of minimum wages and social security and above all contract, casual and outsourced workers from various sectors including Central and State Government departments - All were there to raise their voice of protest.

It is this urge that prompted such a big number of delegates reaching Delhi, many of them not finding a place even to stand inside the stadium.

The speeches of the leaders of the Central Trade Unions reflected fully the aspirations and expectations among the participants.

The declaration adopted in the convention dealt with the situation among all sections of working people in the country.

Noting the unprecendented unity among the peasantry in the country and the militant struggles going on in various states, the convention extended ‘full solidarity to the fighting farmers’. The declaration noted that it is the same set of pro-corporate, pro landlord policies which have created a severe crisis in Agriculture, leading to continuing increase in  spate of suicides.

The convention called upon all sections of working people to unitedly struggle against the anti-people policies of the Government. The declaration noted that ‘the task before the Joint Platform of Central Trade Unions and independent National Federations is to further intensify the surging struggles in various sectors through concerted united agitation and mobilisation at national level, to be followed by country wide general strike action a culmination and consolidation of all sectoral struggles.’

Charter of demands

The convention reiterated the 12 point charter of demands, whcih formed the basis of the previous countrywide strikes, especially after 2014. The convention noted that ‘the Government has been continuing arrogantly ignore the 12 point charter of demands on minimum wage, Social security, worker status, pay and facilities for the scheme workers, against privatisation and large scale contractorisation etc being  jointly pursued by the entire trade union movement of the country’.

The background of the demands

It is of great importance to the trade union movement of the country to remind itself, the background of certain demands put forward by the joint platform.

One of the most important is the demand for Rs.18,000 per month with indexation. This demand itself is an interim one on the basic demand of fixing minimum wages as per the unanimous decisions of the 15th Indian Labour Conference and the Supreme Court  directives.

Indian Labour Conference (ILC) the highest Tripartite forum related  to labour had in its 15th session in 1957, adopted a scientific basis for fixing minimum wages. Later on, the supreme court in its judgement in a case related to Raptakoss and Brett added 25 percent in addition to the ILC recommendations. ILC decision on minimum wages is a scientific method, based on energy requirement to a worker and family.

The Trade Union movement in the country has been raising this issue of minimum wages all these years.

Historic Strike

It is to the credit of the Central Government Employees movement in the country, that they took up this issue and conducted strikes and struggles from 1959 onwards.

Most important of the struggle was the one day strike on 19th September 1968. Major demand of the strke was the acceptance of the 15th ILC decision on minimum wages. Even after 49 years of this historic strike, the demand is still not met. But, how the ruling class of India tried to drown a day’s strike by its own employees in cold blood, exposed once again their anti worker approach and their class biased policies.

Seventeen employees were killed on the strike day in police firing and lathi charges. Some were even thrown down from high rise office buildings. Hundreds were injured in lathi charges, tear gas etc.

Government had involved Essential Services Maintance Act (ESMA) days before the strike. After the strike 64,000 temporary workers were sacked. 40,000 regular workes were suspended. Many of these were punished in various ways, including termination.

Some of those who were terminated had to wait till 1978, when congress was defeated in 1977 elections, to get reinstatement.

Trade Union Movement in India, can never forget such large scale killings and victimisations just for a day’s strike. That too, when the one day strike was for a demand which the government had agreed to, in the highest tripartite body. The fact that the Government had not yet accepted this principle exposes governments at the centre, though led by various parties and fronts.

Central govt employees are even now on struggle on this demand of minimum wages and in March, 2017 had conducted a day’s countrywide strike.

Exploitation through contract, casual and out sourcing systems are continuing. Lakhs of workers in sections like Gramin Dak Sewa, Scheme workers like Anganwadi, Asha, Midday meal workers continue to suffer under govt. of india, without even getting the status of workers.

This experience shows that the struggle should be more inclusive of all those who are affected by the policies of the Government and the struggle has to be developed in to a struggle against the policies of the ruling classes.

Next Phase

It is with this in mind, the convention has called for campaigns and conventions from the local, regional and state level and for massive mobilisation at Central level.

Three days mass Dharna on 9th, 10th and 11th of November in New Delhi will witness massive mobilisation from all over the country.

The convention has also called upon the working people to prepare for indefinite, countrywide strike action against anti-people, anti national activities of the Government.

Against disruptive forces

Need of the hour is total unity of the working people. The convention has noted the danger of disruptive forces active in the country. The convention ‘recorded its strong denunciation against communal and divisive machinations on the society being carried on with the active patronage of the government machinery under the present polity and called upon the working class ‘to raise their strong voice of protest.’

While these campaigns will be jointly undertaken, various organisations will also concurrently conduct independent campaigns to prepare their own ranks and also others for the joint struggle.

All out efforts are required to reach out to all sections of working people. With the government and all their supporters including the corporate and government led media on their side, the efforts of the unions and its floor level cadres have to be strengthened in whatever ways possible to meet all the challenges.

The days ahead are those of massive, militant struggles, and every one has to be prepared to take up the tasks.

Tuesday, 12 September 2017

Cabinet Approves Additional 1% Dearness Allowance / Dearness Relief due from 1st July, 2017

Cabinet Approves Additional 1% Dearness Allowance / Dearness Relief due from 1st July, 2017

Press Information Bureau 
Government of India
Cabinet

12-September-2017 16:58 IST

Cabinet approves release of additional 1% Dearness Allowance to Central Government employees and Dearness Relief to pensioners w.e.f. 01.07.2017 

The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given its approval for release of additional 1% Dearness Allowance (DA) to Central Government employees and Dearness Relief (DR) to pensioners. It will be applicable from 01.07.2017.

The release of the additional instalment of DA represents an increase of 1% over the existing rate of 4% of the Basic Pay/Pension, to compensate for price rise. This increase is in accordance with the accepted formula, which is based on the recommendations of the 7th Central Pay Commission.

The combined impact on the exchequer on account of both DA and DR would be Rs.3068.26 crore per annum and Rs.2045.50 crore in the financial year 2017-18 (for a period of 8 months from July, 2017 to February, 2018). This will benefit about 49.26 lakh Central Government employees and 61.17 lakh pensioners.

Modi Government Gives Shock Treatment To Social Policy

The Modi government is finally getting some flak, as it should, for its confused economic policies, epitomised by the demonetisation blunder last year. Despite relatively favourable circumstances (including good monsoons and a decline in international fuel prices), the rate of economic growth is declining quarter after quarter. For manufacturing, it is even close to zero, according to the latest estimates. Statistics related to employment and wages are even more worrying. To illustrate, one of the most telling - and least noticed - macroeconomic indicators today is the stagnation of real wages: according to the Labour Bureau's Wage Rates in Rural India (WRRI) series, ably analysed by Yoshifumi Usami among others, the wages of agricultural labourers in rural areas have remained more or less constant in real terms during the last three years. So much for inclusive growth.

Having said this, it is in the field of social policy that the failures of the central government are most glaring. For instance, there have been no initiatives of any significance in the fields of education and health during the last three years. Health policy, in particular, has been a subject of deep confusion. Three years ago, the government was making grand promises about universal health care and even health becoming a fundamental right. Nothing has come of them. 

When it comes to social security, there have been some initiatives, but mostly of a misguided sort. As things stand, social security for the informal sector in India builds on five critical programmes: the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA); the public distribution system (PDS); the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS); midday meals for school children; and pensions for widows, the elderly and disabled persons. All these programmes have suffered important setbacks during the last few years.

The NREGA came under attack as soon as the Modi government came to power. Initially, the government tried to restrict the programme to the country's poorest districts. When that turned out to be difficult to get away with, caps were imposed on NREGA expenditure, leading to an unprecedented crash (30 per cent or so) in NREGA employment in 2015-16, along with mounting arrears in wage payments. More recently, the central government seems to have accepted that NREGA is there to stay, and financial allocations have even picked up a little bit. Yet, attacks on the programme continue. The recent committee report on NREGA wages, for instance, argues not only against the payment of minimum wages, but also in favour of NREGA wages being held constant over time in real terms. If accepted, this recommendation is likely to lead to the entire programme being gradually phased out, as labourers themselves lose interest.

Turning to the PDS, the system did improve in many states (especially the poorest states) during the last few years as the National Food Security Act was rolled out. These gains, however, are in danger of being undone by the imposition of Aadhaar-based Biometric Authentication (ABBA) on the PDS. There is growing evidence that ABBA has already done much damage in Rajasthan and Jharkhand. Official data for Ranchi district, where ABBA has been compulsory for more than a year, shows that about 20 per cent of cardholders have been excluded from the PDS month after month since January. The situation is likely to be worse in other districts, where there are serious connectivity problems. In spite of these and other indications that ABBA is inappropriate technology for much of rural India, the central government continues to promote it blindly.

As far as ICDS and midday meals are concerned, both schemes received shock treatment in the Union Budget 2015-16, in the form of severe budget cuts - 36 per cent for midday meals and more than 50 per cent for ICDS (partly reversed later on under public pressure). While the cuts were sought to be justified on the grounds that state governments were due to receive a higher share of the indivisible pool of taxes, it is a mystery why the axe fell so heavily on children. Both programmes are yet to recover from this setback. The allocation for midday meals in this year's Union Budget, Rs. 10,000 crores, is still 25 per cent lower in money terms than the corresponding allocation four years ago - in real terms, the decline would be even larger.

Last but not least, the central government is undermining social security pensions for widows, the elderly and disabled persons. The central contribution to old-age pensions has stagnated at an abysmal Rs. 200 per month since 2006, even as the salaries and pensions of government employees went up by leaps and bounds. Instead of expanding non-contributory pension programmes, which are of great value to some of India's most vulnerable groups, the central government is promoting contributory programmes such as the Atal Pension Yojana (APY). The modalities of this programme are of little use to destitute widows or elderly couples, who have shown little interest in it.

This brief overview would be incomplete without a few words about maternity entitlements. All Indian women (except those covered by maternity benefits in the formal sector) have been entitled to maternity benefits of Rs. 6,000 per child since 2013 under the National Food Security Act. This legal right has been brazenly violated by the central government for more than four years. This year, the Union Budget finally made a modest allocation of Rs.2,700 crores for maternity benefits. State governments were also told, at a consultation held on February 22, 2017, that arrangements would be made for maternity benefits to be paid with retrospective effect from January 1, 2017. But none of this has happened so far. In an affidavit submitted to the Supreme Court on April 2, 2017, the Ministry of Women and Child Development made the lame statement that "the implementation guidelines are being drafted". More recently, the central government instructed the state governments to restrict maternity benefits to one child per woman, showing once again its disregard for the law.

The silver lining is that there is no sign of a similar abdication at the state level - at least not yet. In fact, the slow but steady trend towards more active social policies has continued in many states during the last three years. However, there is a danger that the centre's indifference (if not hostility) towards social policy will soon percolate to some state governments as well. This prospect is no less worrying than the slowing down of economic growth, considering the vital role that social support plays in the lives of the poor.

Source : http://www.ndtv.com/opinion/modi-government-gives-shock-treatmen

QUANTIFICATION OF NEED-BASED MINIMUM WAGE AND NEED FOR REVISION OF MINIMUM WAGE OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES.

   
The concept of the Need-Based Minimum Wage has evolved in India after  Independence and owes its origin to the Directive Principles of the Indian Constitution and the welfare policy of the Government. Its acceptance in principle connotes a public effort at an institutional determination of wage rates particularly in the industrial sector of the economy. Unfortunately the computation of the need based minimum wage has become a controversial subject in the country. While the concept of what the need based minimum wage should cover is fairly clear and generally accepted by both the employer and employee, its actual assessment into monetary terms has raised endless disputes not alone by the employer.
NEED-BASED MINIMUM WAGE FORMULA: 
Minimum wages for the average family will have to be based on requirements of food, clothing, housing and so on. Additional components of expenditure to cover for children’s education, medical treatment, recreation, festivals and ceremonies.
In a vast country such as ours, there are bound to be regional variations in these requirements owing to climatic conditions, food habits, etc. At the same time in order to ensure a degree of uniformity the Conference have adopted a certain norms. The food component carries the largest- proportion of the total cost of living in a working class family. The component’s significance is not only economic but human also. On food depends the health and efficiency of the worker, which is vital to the industrial production. After a protracted discussion the Conference adopted Dr. Aykroyd’s second dietary prescription of the adequate diet level, the other one being the optimum diet level. An optimum diet according to him, is one which ensures the functioning of the various life processes at their very best; whereas an adequate diet maintains these processes but not at their peak levels. The optimum diet would include more of vitamins and less of proteins in its caloric content, while the adequate diet would include more of proteins and less of vitamins.
The Committee on Fair Wages laid down that the standard working class family should be reckoned as one consisting of three consumption units, supported by a single male earner and including his wife and two children below the of age 14 The 15th Session of Indian Labour Conference approved that the wage should cover four categories of needs considered essential for the worker's well being, viz. food, clothing, housing and miscellaneous. In calculating the minimum wage, the norms for the food category should be based on Dr. W.B. Aykroyd’s formula for an adequate and balanced diet. It thus came about that a wage linked to the needs was suggested as a desirable minimum.
Subsequently, when attempting to implement the recommendations of the conference, almost all the wage fixing authorities including the committees appointed under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 have invariably faced difficulty in determining: (i) the calorific norm which should form the basis of the diet content (ii) the exact composition of the diet (iii) the qualities of the various items of diet and (iv) availabilities of food commodities consumed by the worker and his pattern of consumption. In this regard the first assault was launched by the II Central Pay Commission (1959), pertaining to the calorific norm as laid down by the 15th Indian Labour Conference. The Indian Labour Conference worked out  the three-unit formula, the minimum wage is worked out taking into consideration the calorific value requirements of 2,700 each, certain length of cloth requirement, housing rental value, education and medical expenses etc.
CONCEPT OF LIVING WAGES:
Concept of Living Wages It represents a standard of living which provides not merely for bare physical subsistence but for maintenance of health and decency, a measure of frugal comfort, including education of children, requirement of essential social needs and a measure of insurance against eh more important misfortunes including old age. This is the ideal wages and envisaged in Article 43 of Directive Principles in Part IV of the Constitution. I. L. O. Conventions also provide for living wages.

Living wages is the ideal wages and on the line as stipulated in Article 43 of our Constitution. Wage differentials are necessary part of wage structure if skill formation is to be motivated and productivity is to be achieved but at the same time it should be reasonable.

Hence it is relevant to quote the following observation made by the Kerala High Court in Association of Planters of Kerala v State of Kerala in this regard: “ A failure to fix or revise minimum wages was not only a statutory violation but is a breach of fundamental right enshrined in Art. 23 of the Constitution. A duty is cast upon the State by provisions of the Act and Article 23 to fix and revise the minimum rates of wages.

7th CPC REPORT PARA NO 4 HAS ALSO DEALT THE ISSUE OF A NEED-BASED MINIMUM WAGE TAKING INTO THE CONCEPT OF THE FOLLOWING. 
a). normative family is taken to consist of a spouse and two children below the age of 14. With the husband assigned 1 unit, wife, 0.8 unit and two children,  0.6 units each, the minimum wage needs to address 3 consumption units;
b) . The food requirement per consumption unit is shown in the Annexure to this chapter. The specifications were derived from the recommendations of Dr. Wallace Aykroyd, the noted nutritionist, which stated that an average Indian adult engaged in moderate  activity should, on a daily basis, consume 2,700 calories comprising 65 grams of protein  and around 45-60 grams of fat. Dr Aykroyd had further pointed out that animal proteins, such as milk, eggs, fish, liver and meat, are biologically more efficient than vegetable proteins and suggested that they should form at least one-fifth of the total protein intake

c)  The clothing requirements should be based on per capita consumption of 18 yards per annum, which gives 72 yards per annum (5.5 meters per month) for the average worker’s family. The 15th ILC also specified the associated consumption of detergents

d) The prescribed provision of Report of the Seventh CPC 63Index 25 percent to cover education, recreation, ceremonies, festivals and medical expenses has been reduced to 15 percent. 

THE THREE-UNIT BASED FORMULA ADOPTED BY THE PAY COMMISSIONS NEEDS A CHANGE TO SIX UNITS DUE TO FOLLOWING FACTORS :
The three-unit based formula to fix minimum wages presently counts only four members of a family ie  husband, wife and two children. It has no provision to count dependent parents, if any, or even if there are more than two children.
The three-unit formula gives the husband a full unit, wife 0.8 unit, and 0.6 units for each of the two children.
Now the trade unions and the employees associations are of the opinion  that the three-unit system are not sufficient to decide minimum wages because the children continue to stay with the family for longer periods. The two children and wife should be accorded one single unit instead of 0.6 units,” also, marriageable age of a child has also increased and they should also be given full units, the gender equality should also be observed instead of 0.8 units it should be full unit for the spouse.
Hence should be revised to the four unit formula gives the husband a full unit, wife full unit, and full units for each of the two children.
After the 2010 Supreme Court ruling that dependent parents are to be taken care of by children, two more units should be added and the formula be based on six-unit formulae than three.
“The CrPC section 125 and Maintenance of Parents and Senior Citizens Act make it mandatory for an earning member to maintain his parents, failing which he/she may have to face penal consequences. Today, the average life span of a person has increased to 68.3 years compared to that of 41 years in 1957. Hence two additional units have to be added,”
 So there is a need to hike number of units from three to six to calculate minimum wages.
OTHER FACTORS AFFECTING OUR WAGES ARE AS FOLLOWS:
1)    The 7th CPC has taken into consideration the 15%  to cover education, recreation, ceremonies, festivals and medical expenses against 25% prescribed by the  Supreme Court .  Additional components of expenditure to cover for children’s education, medical treatment, recreation, festivals and ceremonies. This followed from the Supreme Court’s ruling in the Raptakos Brett Vs Workmencase of 1991 for determination of minimum wage of an industrial worker. The Supreme Court had prescribed this amount at 25 percent of the total minimum wage calculated from the first five components.
2)    Secondly the prices of essential commodities for calculation of the minimum wage is always a debate , the price essential commodities  by the using Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers maintained by Labour Bureau, Shimla and the retail prices are showing different rates , the retail prices of essential commodities are at higher end  including that of  state Government  run co-operative society’s compared to the retail prices maintained by Labour Bureau, Shimla by more than 15%,  that is the prices maintained by Labour Bureau, Shimla are lower by more than 15% compared to market prices , the CG employees are deprived of proper minimum wage by an extent of 25% .  If proper retail prices are taken into account the minimum wage shall be more than Rs 26,000/- as on 1st Jan 2016.
 THE PAYMENT OF WAGES ACT, 1936: 

The revision of payment of wages act, 1936 , the Government has raised the monetary limit of wages to Rs. 24000/- per month for the applicability of the Act by issuing the notification .This calculation of Rs 24,000/ is based on  Dr. W.B. Aykroyd’s formula. This is done on the basis of figures of the Consumer Expenditure Survey published by the National Sample Survey Organization.

The payment of wages act, 1936 monetary limit of wages to Rs. 24000/- per month is for unskilled worker , if we add Rs 25% for skilled worker , it work out at Rs 30000/- for skilled worker which includes wages and allowances, at present the Central Government employees at the initial stage   are paid Rs 23,000/- (Rs 18,000/ as minimum wage and Rs 5,000/ as allowances ), still there is gap of Rs 7,000/ , if the minimum wage of Central Government employees is re fixed at Rs 22,000/ then this gap shall be reduced. 

The breakup of the Central Government employee’s salary is as follows.

Non Metro City  
Minimum wage Rs 18,000/-
HRA Rs 1800/-
Transport allowances Rs 900/-
Children education allowances Rs 2250/-
Total Salary : Rs 22950/-

 The Central Government employees are deprived of the actual minimum wage of Rs 26,000/-.  Hence there is a need of revision of minimum wage from Rs 18,000/  as Central Government is a model employer.



                                             Issued by COC Karnataka 


PAYMENT OF PRODUCTIVITY LINKED BONUS (PLB).


National Federation of Postal Employees
1st Floor North Avenue Post Office Building, New Delhi-110 001
Phone: 011.23092771                                                      e-mail: nfpehq@gmail.com
       Mob: 9868819295/9810853981                       website: http://www.nfpe.blogspot.com

No. PF-16(g)/2017                                                                                  Dated: 12th September, 2017
To

            The Secretary,
            Department of Posts,
            Dak Bhawan,
            New Delhi-110 001

Sub. PAYMENT OF PRODUCTIVITY LINKED BONUS (PLB).

Sir,
             It is to bring to your kind notice that Productivity linked bonus is required to be paid before Durga Puja. It is therefore requested to kindly cause action for making payment of bonus before Durga Puja.  

         It is also worth mentioning that an arbitrary cap of 60 days has been fixed for payment of PLB.

            Now the business and revenue of Department is increasing every year.

            Therefore kindly take necessary action to remove this cap and arrange to make payment of bonus which comes out real.

With regards.
Yours faithfully,

 (R N Parashar)
Secretary General